what is bipolar disorder - The Best Finders

tonyDecember 30, 2020
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47min3120

What is Bipolar Disorder like? Everybody has mood swings from time to time, but these swings in mood are usually caused by environmental or emotional stimuli. Bipolar disorder (BPD), formerly known as “manic depression” is a chronic mental health condition characterised by extreme changes in mood that can last for days or weeks at a time.

A person with bipolar disorder cycles between periods of feeling very “high” or euphoric (mania) and extremely low periods (depression), often without an identifiable triggering event.

The exact cycle of mood changes varies from person to person. In some people changes in mood can last weeks or months, and in others the mood swings are shorter and more intense.

What is Bipolar Disorder like?

What is Bipolar Disorder like?

Symptoms of bipolar disorder usually first appear before the age of 20, with most people having their first manic or depressive event between the ages of 15 and 19. As depression is often the first symptom experienced by people with bipolar disorder (only about 25% of people experience mania as their first symptom of the condition), many people are initially misdiagnosed.

Types of Bipolar Disorder

There are three recognised types of bipolar disorder, each characterised by the intensity and duration of mood changes.

Type I Bipolar Disorder

People living with Bipolar I Disorder experience extreme manic (high) periods that are long lasting and can interfere with normal function, as well as depressive periods and possibly psychosis.

Type II Bipolar Disorder

People with Bipolar II Disorder typically experience less severe manic episodes (known as hypomania) that generally only last a short while (hours or days). Depressive episodes also occur but most people with Bipolar II experience periods of stability and normal mood between manic and depressive episodes.

Cyclothymic Disorder 

This form of Bipolar Disorder is not as severe as others with the mood swings generally being shorter and less severe. This still would leave someone with the thoughts like what is bipolar disorder really.

Symptoms of Bipolar Disorder

People living with bipolar disorder experience symptoms of mania and depression at different stages of their cycle. No two manic or depressive incidents are the same but they share common symptoms.

There are three main symptoms that can occur with bipolar disorder: mania, hypomania, and depression.

While experiencing mania, a person with bipolar disorder may feel an emotional high. They can feel excited, impulsive, euphoric, and full of energy. During manic episodes, they may also engage in behavior such as:

Hypomania is generally associated with bipolar II disorder. It’s similar to mania, but it’s not as severe. Unlike mania, hypomania may not result in any trouble at work, school, or in social relationships. However, people with hypomania still notice changes in their mood.

Although it’s not a rare condition, bipolar disorder can be hard to diagnose because of its varied symptoms. 

Mania

Common symptoms of a manic episode include:

  • feeling extremely euphoric (‘high’) or energetic
  • Increased goal-directed behaviour or fixation on a task
  • Sleeplessness, or going without sleep to achieve goals
  • Speaking and reacting quickly with no forethought or care for consequences
  • reckless behaviour, such as participating in unsafe sexual activity, overspending or making other rash decisions with long-lasting consequences
  • Heightened aggression and irritability
  • Unrealistic plans or other forms of irrational thinking

Depression

During an episode of depression you may experience:

Psychosis

People with BPD experiencing a manic episode may also experience psychotic episodes, with symptoms including:

  • Confused thinking – frequently changing or skipping between topics, making up words, speaking in garbled or muddled sentences, speaking with odd cadence (very fast or slow) or using the wrong words to describe things.
  • Delusions – false beliefs or sensations not experienced by anyone else, such as a person believing they have special abilities or knowledge or are controlled by an outside force or agent.
  • Hallucinations – seeing, smelling, hearing or tasting things that are not there. Many hallucinations involve hearing voices that nobody else can hear.

Mania or hypomania, depression and people with psychosis can all lead to marked changes in personality and behaviour.

What is Bipolar Disorder and What Causes Bipolar Disorder?

As with most mental health conditions, the exact cause for bipolar depression is unknown. Genetics are known to be a major contributing factor to the development of BPD, with research indicating that around 80% of cases have a genetic link. This genetic link is hereditary, with people with a direct relative (sibling or parent) having a four to six times higher chance of developing BPD than those without.

One popular theory for the genetic cause of bipolar disorder is that people with the condition may have a genetic predisposition that makes it easy for neurotransmitters like serotonin and norepinephrine to be thrown out of balance causing the changes in mood.

Environmental factors, illness and stress have also been linked to the development of bipolar disorder. Stress is not known to cause BPD but can be a contributing factor or trigger for the onset of the condition. Many people with bipolar disorder find that learning to manage stress can help then reduce the frequency or relapse.

Each person living with bipolar disorder has individual triggers that can cause a relapse of manic or depressive symptoms, but some of the more common triggers include:

  • Use of both legal and illegal drugs, including alcohol and cannabis
  • Stress in the home or office
  • Negative, impactful life events like the loss of a job, the death of a loved one or illness
  • Sleeping too little when manic
  • Sleeping too much when depressed
  • Metabolic stress from changing normal patterns (irregular eating, sleeping and physical activity)
  • Stopping the use of prescribed medication (often during a manic episode)
  • Disrupting normal rhythms – radically changing routine, sleep/wake cycles, travelling overseas and the like

Treatment for Bipolar Disorder

Bipolar disorder is a lifelong condition that cannot be cured, but through a mixture of lifestyle changes, medication and therapy, the intensity and duration of manic and depressive episodes can be reduced or controlled.

Medication

Depending on the type and severity of bipolar disorder a person experiences, they may be prescribed a number of different medications for mood stabilisation, to help control depressive episodes (antidepressants) or to control any symptoms of psychosis that may occur (antipsychotic medications).

Depending on the frequency and severity of symptoms, medications may be prescribed for long term use or for short term help.

Psychotherapy

Psychotherapeutic techniques can help a person with BPD better manage their symptoms as well as alter or avoid triggers for relapse.

Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) and psycho-education can help people living with bipolar disorder to regain control of their lives through a combination of challenging negative thinking and behaviour as well as helping people better understand their mental health condition, ensure that medications are taken to schedule and learn how to self manage symptoms and potential triggers for relapse.

Lifestyle Changes

Each person living with bipolar disorder may have specific lifestyle factors that contribute to recurrences of manic or depressive episodes that can be identified with the help of a medical professional, but outside of these specific changes there are still a number of things you can do to aid in control of symptoms, including:

  • Keep a routine for both eating and sleeping, and try to maintain this routine no matter the current mood
  • Learn to recognise the onset of mood changes
  • Document your moods to help better identify triggering events or activities
  • Ask a friend or family member to aid in your treatment and management of the condition
  • Surround yourself with supportive people or contact a support network
  • Avoid drugs, both legal and illegal, including alcohol, cannabis, caffeine and nicotine

If you need help dealing with mental health issues there are a number of quality resources online offering ideas and suggestions, including Beyond Blue , Lifeline , The Black Dog Institute and Reach Out .

You may approach your GP for a Mental Health Care Plan , that involves a referral to a mental health professional for a number of bulk-billable appointments.

Always remember that bipolar disorder is a mental illness marked by extreme shifts in mood. Symptoms can include an extremely elevated mood called mania. They can also include episodes of depression. Bipolar disorder is also known as bipolar disease or manic depression.

People with bipolar disorder may have trouble managing everyday life tasks at school or work, or maintaining relationships. There’s no cure, but there are many treatment options available that can help to manage the symptoms.

Bipolar disorder facts

Bipolar disorder isn’t a rare brain disorder. In fact, 2.8 percent of U.S. adults — or about 5 million people — have been diagnosed with it. The average age when people with bipolar disorder begin to show symptoms is 25 years old.

Depression caused by bipolar disorder lasts at least two weeks. A high (manic) episode can last for several days or weeks. Some people will experience episodes of changes in mood several times a year, while others may experience them only rarely.

Bipolar disorder symptoms in women

Men and women are diagnosed with bipolar disorder in equal numbers. However, the main symptoms of the disorder may be different between the two genders. In many cases, a woman with bipolar disorder may:

  • be diagnosed later in life, in her 20s or 30s
  • have milder episodes of mania
  • experience more depressive episodes than manic episodes
  • have four or more episodes of mania and depression in a year, which is called rapid cycling
  • experience other conditions at the same time, including thyroid diseaseobesityanxiety disorders, and migraines
  • have a higher lifetime risk of alcohol use disorder

Women with bipolar disorder may also relapse more often. This is believed to be caused by hormonal changes related to menstruation, pregnancy, or menopause. If you’re a woman and think you may have bipolar disorder, it’s important for you to get the facts. 

Bipolar disorder symptoms in men

Men and women both experience common symptoms of bipolar disorder. However, men may experience symptoms differently than women. Men with bipolar disorder may:

  • be diagnosed earlier in life
  • experience more severe episodes, especially manic episodes
  • have substance abuse issues
  • act out during manic episodes

Men with bipolar disorder are less likely than women to seek medical care on their own. They’re also more likely to die by suicide.

Types of bipolar disorder

There are three main types of bipolar disorder: bipolar I, bipolar II, and cyclothymia.

Bipolar I

Bipolar I is defined by the appearance of at least one manic episode. You may experience hypomanic or major depressive episodes before and after the manic episode. This type of bipolar disorder affects men and women equally.

Bipolar II

People with this type of bipolar disorder experience one major depressive episode that lasts at least two weeks. They also have at least one hypomanic episode that lasts about four days. This type of bipolar disorder is thought to be more common in women.

Cyclothymia

People with cyclothymia have episodes of hypomania and depression. These symptoms are shorter and less severe than the mania and depression caused by bipolar I or bipolar II disorder. Most people with this condition only experience a month or two at a time where their moods are stable.

When discussing your diagnosis, your doctor will be able to tell you what kind of bipolar disorder you have. 

Bipolar disorder in children

Diagnosing bipolar disorder in children is controversial. This is largely because children don’t always display the same bipolar disorder symptoms as adults. Their moods and behaviors may also not follow the standards doctors use to diagnose the disorder in adults.

Many bipolar disorder symptoms that occur in children also overlap with symptoms from a range of other disorders that can occur in children, such as attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).

However, in the last few decades, doctors and mental health professionals have come to recognize the condition in children. A diagnosis can help children get treatment, but reaching a diagnosis may take many weeks or months. Your child may need to seek special care from a professional trained to treat children with mental health issues.

Like adults, children with bipolar disorder experience episodes of elevated mood. They can appear very happy and show signs of excitable behavior. These periods are then followed by depression. While all children experience mood changes, changes caused by bipolar disorder are very pronounced. They’re also usually more extreme than a child’s typical change in mood.

Manic symptoms in children

Symptoms of a child’s manic episode caused by bipolar disorder can include:

  • acting very silly and feeling overly happy
  • talking fast and rapidly changing subjects
  • having trouble focusing or concentrating
  • doing risky things or experimenting with risky behaviors
  • having a very short temper that leads quickly to outbursts of anger
  • having trouble sleeping and not feeling tired after sleep loss

Depressive symptoms in children

Symptoms of a child’s depressive episode caused by bipolar disorder can include:

  • moping around or acting very sad
  • sleeping too much or too little
  • having little energy for normal activities or showing no signs of interest in anything
  • complaining about not feeling well, including having frequent headaches or stomachaches
  • experiencing feelings of worthlessness or guilt
  • eating too little or too much
  • thinking about death and possibly suicide

Other possible diagnoses

Some of the behavior issues you may witness in your child could be the result of another condition. ADHD and other behavior disorders can occur in children with bipolar disorder. Work with your child’s doctor to document your child’s unusual behaviors, which will help lead to a diagnosis.

Finding the correct diagnosis can help your child’s doctor determine treatments that can help your child live a healthy life. 

Bipolar disorder in teens

Angst-filled behavior is nothing new to the average parent of a teenager. The shifts in hormones, plus the life changes that come with puberty, can make even the most well-behaved teen seem a little upset or overly emotional from time to time. However, some teenage changes in mood may be the result of a more serious condition, such as bipolar disorder.

A bipolar disorder diagnosis is most common during the late teens and early adult years. For teenagers, the more common symptoms of a manic episode include:

  • being very happy
  • “acting out” or misbehaving
  • taking part in risky behaviors
  • abusing substances
  • thinking about sex more than usual
  • becoming overly sexual or sexually active
  • having trouble sleeping but not showing signs of fatigue or being tired
  • having a very short temper
  • having trouble staying focused, or being easily distracted

For teenagers, the more common symptoms of a depressive episode include:

  • sleeping a lot or too little
  • eating too much or too little
  • feeling very sad and showing little excitability
  • withdrawing from activities and friends
  • thinking about death and suicide

Diagnosing and treating bipolar disorder can help teens live a healthy life.

Bipolar disorder and depression

Bipolar disorder can have two extremes: up and down. To be diagnosed with bipolar, you must experience a period of mania or hypomania. People generally feel “up” in this phase of the disorder. When you’re experiencing an “up” change in mood, you may feel highly energized and be easily excitable.

Some people with bipolar disorder will also experience a major depressive episode, or a “down” mood. When you’re experiencing a “down” change in mood, you may feel lethargic, unmotivated, and sad. However, not all people with bipolar disorder who have this symptom feel “down” enough to be labeled depressed.

For instance, for some people, once their mania is treated, a normal mood may feel like depression because they enjoyed the “high” caused by the manic episode.

While bipolar disorder can cause you to feel depressed, it’s not the same as the condition called depression. Bipolar disorder can cause highs and lows, but depression causes moods and emotions that are always “down.”

Causes of bipolar disorder

Bipolar disorder is a common mental health disorder, but it’s a bit of a mystery to doctors and researchers. It’s not yet clear what causes some people to develop the condition and not others.

Possible causes of bipolar disorder include:

Genetics

If your parent or sibling has bipolar disorder, you’re more likely than other people to develop the condition (see below). However, it’s important to keep in mind that most people who have bipolar disorder in their family history don’t develop it.

Your brain

Your brain structure may impact your risk for the disease. Abnormalities in the structure or functions of your brain may increase your risk.

Environmental factors

It’s not just what’s in your body that can make you more likely to develop bipolar disorder. Outside factors may contribute, too. These factors can include:

  • extreme stress
  • traumatic experiences
  • physical illness

Each of these factors may influence who develops bipolar disorder. What’s more likely, however, is that a combination of factors contributes to the development of the disease.

Is bipolar disorder hereditary?

Bipolar disorder can be passed from parent to child. Research has identified a strong genetic link in people with the disorder. If you have a relative with the disorder, your chances of also developing it are four to six times higher than people without a family history of the condition.

However, this doesn’t mean that everyone with relatives who have the disorder will develop it. In addition, not everyone with bipolar disorder has a family history of the disease.

Still, genetics seem to play a considerable role in the incidence of bipolar disorder. 

Bipolar disorder diagnosis

A diagnosis of bipolar disorder I involves either one or more manic episodes, or mixed (manic and depressive) episodes. It may also include a major depressive episode, but it may not. A diagnosis of bipolar II involves one or more major depressive episodes and at least one episode of hypomania.

To be diagnosed with a manic episode, you must experience symptoms that last for at least one week or that cause you to be hospitalized. You must experience symptoms almost all day every day during this time. Major depressive episodes, on the other hand, must last for at least two weeks.

Bipolar disorder can be difficult to diagnose because mood swings can vary. It’s even harder to diagnose in children and adolescents. This age group often has greater changes in mood, behavior, and energy levels.

Bipolar disorder often gets worse if it’s left untreated. Episodes may happen more often or become more extreme. But if you receive treatment for your bipolar disorder, it’s possible for you to lead a healthy and productive life. Therefore, diagnosis is very important.

Bipolar disorder symptoms test

One test result doesn’t make a bipolar disorder diagnosis. Instead, your doctor will use several tests and exams. These may include:

  • Physical exam. Your doctor will do a full physical exam. They may also order blood or urine tests to rule out other possible causes of your symptoms.
  • Mental health evaluation. Your doctor may refer you to a mental health professional such as a psychologist or psychiatrist. These doctors diagnose and treat mental health conditions such as bipolar disorder. During the visit, they will evaluate your mental health and look for signs of bipolar disorder.
  • Mood journal. If your doctor suspects your behavior changes are the result of a mood disorder like bipolar, they may ask you to chart your moods. The easiest way to do this is to keep a journal of how you’re feeling and how long these feelings last. Your doctor may also suggest that you record your sleeping and eating patterns.
  • Diagnostic criteria. The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) is an outline of symptoms for various mental health disorders. Doctors can follow this list to confirm a bipolar diagnosis.

Your doctor may use other tools and tests to diagnose bipolar disorder in addition to these.

Bipolar disorder treatment

Several treatments are available that can help you manage your bipolar disorder. These include medications, counseling, and lifestyle changes. Some natural remedies may also be helpful.

Medications

Recommended medications may include:

  • mood stabilizers, such as lithium (Lithobid)
  • antipsychotics, such as olanzapine (Zyprexa)
  • antidepressant-antipsychotics, such as fluoxetine-olanzapine (Symbyax)
  • benzodiazepines, a type of anti-anxiety medication such as alprazolam (Xanax) that may be used for short-term treatment

Psychotherapy

Recommended psychotherapy treatments may include:

Cognitive behavioral therapy

Cognitive behavioral therapy is a type of talk therapy. You and a therapist talk about ways to manage your bipolar disorder. They will help you understand your thinking patterns. They can also help you come up with positive coping strategies. You can connect to a mental health care professional in your area using the Healthline FindCare tool.

Psychoeducation

Psychoeducation is a kind of counseling that helps you and your loved ones understand the disorder. Knowing more about bipolar disorder will help you and others in your life manage it.

Interpersonal and social rhythm therapy

Interpersonal and social rhythm therapy (IPSRT) focuses on regulating daily habits, such as sleeping, eating, and exercising. Balancing these everyday basics can help you manage your disorder.

Other treatment options

Other treatment options may include:

  • electroconvulsive therapy (ECT)
  • sleep medications
  • supplements
  • acupuncture

Lifestyle changes

There are also some simple steps you can take right now to help manage your bipolar disorder:

  • keep a routine for eating and sleeping
  • learn to recognize mood swings
  • ask a friend or relative to support your treatment plans
  • talk to a doctor or licensed healthcare provider

Other lifestyle changes can also help relieve depressive symptoms caused by bipolar disorder.

Natural remedies for bipolar disorder

Some natural remedies may be helpful for bipolar disorder. However, it’s important not to use these remedies without first talking with your doctor. These treatments could interfere with medications you’re taking.

The following herbs and supplements may help stabilize your mood and relieve symptoms of bipolar disorder:

Several other minerals and vitamins may also reduce symptoms of bipolar disorder. 

Tips for coping and support

If you or someone you know has bipolar disorder, you’re not alone. Bipolar disorder affects about 60 million peopleTrusted Source around the world.

One of the best things you can do is to educate yourself and those around you. There are many resources available. For instance, SAMHSA’s behavioral health treatment services locator provides treatment information by ZIP code. You can also find additional resources at the site for the National Institute of Mental Health.

If you think you’re experiencing symptoms of bipolar disorder, make an appointment with your doctor. If you think a friend, relative, or loved one may have bipolar disorder, your support and understanding is crucial. Encourage them to see a doctor about any symptoms they’re having.

People who are experiencing a depressive episode may have suicidal thoughts. You should always take any talk of suicide seriously.

If you think someone is at immediate risk of self-harm or hurting another person:

  • Call 911 or your local emergency number.
  • Stay with the person until help arrives.
  • Remove any guns, knives, medications, or other things that may cause harm.
  • Listen, but don’t judge, argue, threaten, or yell.

If you or someone you know is considering suicide, get help from a crisis or suicide prevention hotline. Try the National Suicide Prevention Lifeline at 800-273-8255.

Bipolar disorder and relationships

When it comes to managing a relationship while you live with bipolar disorder, honesty is the best policy. Bipolar disorder can have an impact on any relationship in your life, perhaps especially on a romantic relationship. So, it’s important to be open about your condition.

There’s no right or wrong time to tell someone you have bipolar disorder. Be open and honest as soon as you’re ready. Consider sharing these facts to help your partner better understand the condition:

  • when you were diagnosed
  • what to expect during your depressive phases
  • what to expect during your manic phases
  • how you typically treat your moods
  • how they can be helpful to you

One of the best ways to support and make a relationship successful is to stick with your treatment. Treatment helps you reduce symptoms and scale back the severity of your changes in mood. With these aspects of the disorder under control, you can focus more on your relationship.

Your partner can also learn ways to promote a healthy relationship.

Living with bipolar disorder

Bipolar disorder is a chronic mental illness. That means you’ll live and cope with it for the rest of your life. However, that doesn’t mean you can’t live a happy, healthy life.

Treatment can help you manage your changes in mood and cope with your symptoms. To get the most out of treatment, you may want to create a care team to help you. In addition to your primary doctor, you may want to find a psychiatrist and psychologist. Through talk therapy, these doctors can help you cope with symptoms of bipolar disorder that medication can’t help.

You may also want to seek out a supportive community. Finding other people who’re also living with this disorder can give you a group of people you can rely on and turn to for help.

Finding treatments that work for you requires perseverance. Likewise, you need to have patience with yourself as you learn to manage bipolar disorder and anticipate your changes in mood. Together with your care team, you’ll find ways to maintain a normal, happy, healthy life.

While living with bipolar disorder can be a real challenge, it can help to maintain a sense of humor about life.

Read also:

Bipolar disorder

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tonyDecember 28, 2020
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17min2270

what is bipolar disorder? Bipolar disorder, previously referred to as manic melancholy, is a psychological well being situation that causes excessive temper swings that embody emotional highs (mania or hypomania) and lows (melancholy).

what is bipolar disorder?

Bipolar disorder

Overview

While you turn out to be depressed, you might really feel unhappy or hopeless and lose curiosity or pleasure in most actions. When your temper shifts to mania or hypomania (much less excessive than mania), you might really feel euphoric, stuffed with power or unusually irritable. These temper swings can have an effect on sleep, power, exercise, judgment, habits and the power to suppose clearly.

Episodes of temper swings could happen not often or a number of instances a 12 months. Whereas most individuals will expertise some emotional signs between episodes, some could not expertise any.

Though bipolar dysfunction is a lifelong situation, you possibly can handle your temper swings and different signs by following a therapy plan. Normally, bipolar dysfunction is handled with drugs and psychological counseling (psychotherapy).

Signs

There are a number of forms of bipolar and associated problems. They might embody mania or hypomania and melancholy. Signs may cause unpredictable modifications in temper and habits, leading to important misery and problem in life.

  • Bipolar I disorder. You’ve got had at the very least one manic episode which may be preceded or adopted by hypomanic or main depressive episodes. In some instances, mania could set off a break from actuality (psychosis).
  • Bipolar II disorder. You’ve got had at the very least one main depressive episode and at the very least one hypomanic episode, however you’ve got by no means had a manic episode.
  • Cyclothymic disorder. You’ve got had at the very least two years — or one 12 months in kids and youngsters — of many intervals of hypomania signs and intervals of depressive signs (although much less extreme than main melancholy).
  • Different sorts. These embody, for instance, bipolar and associated problems induced by sure medication or alcohol or attributable to a medical situation, comparable to Cushing’s illness, a number of sclerosis or stroke.

Bipolar II disorder is just not a milder type of bipolar I disorder, however a separate prognosis. Whereas the manic episodes of bipolar I disorder will be extreme and harmful, people with bipolar II disorder will be depressed for longer intervals, which may trigger important impairment.

Though bipolar disorder can happen at any age, sometimes it is identified within the teenage years or early 20s. Signs can range from individual to individual, and signs could range over time.

Mania and hypomania

Mania and hypomania are two distinct forms of episodes, however they’ve the identical signs. Mania is extra extreme than hypomania and causes extra noticeable issues at work, faculty and social actions, in addition to relationship difficulties. Mania may additionally set off a break from actuality (psychosis) and require hospitalization.

Each a manic and a hypomanic episode embody three or extra of those signs:

  • Abnormally upbeat, jumpy or wired
  • Elevated exercise, power or agitation
  • Exaggerated sense of well-being and self-confidence (euphoria)
  • Decreased want for sleep
  • Uncommon talkativeness
  • Racing ideas
  • Distractibility
  • Poor decision-making — for instance, occurring shopping for sprees, taking sexual dangers or making silly investments

Main depressive episode

A significant depressive episode consists of signs which are extreme sufficient to trigger noticeable problem in day-to-day actions, comparable to work, faculty, social actions or relationships. An episode consists of 5 or extra of those signs:

  • Depressed temper, comparable to feeling unhappy, empty, hopeless or tearful (in kids and youths, depressed temper can seem as irritability)
  • Marked lack of curiosity or feeling no pleasure in all — or nearly all — actions
  • Important weight reduction when not weight-reduction plan, weight achieve, or lower or improve in urge for food (in kids, failure to realize weight as anticipated could be a signal of melancholy)
  • Both insomnia or sleeping an excessive amount of
  • Both restlessness or slowed habits
  • Fatigue or lack of power
  • Emotions of worthlessness or extreme or inappropriate guilt
  • Decreased capability to suppose or focus, or indecisiveness
  • Fascinated by, planning or making an attempt suicide

Different options of bipolar disorder

Indicators and signs of bipolar I and bipolar II problems could embody different options, comparable to anxious misery, melancholy, psychosis or others. The timing of signs could embody diagnostic labels comparable to blended or fast biking. As well as, bipolar signs could happen throughout being pregnant or change with the seasons.

Signs in kids and youths

Signs of bipolar disorder will be troublesome to establish in kids and youths. It is usually laborious to inform whether or not these are regular ups and downs, the outcomes of stress or trauma, or indicators of a psychological well being downside apart from bipolar disorder.

Youngsters and youths could have distinct main depressive or manic or hypomanic episodes, however the sample can range from that of adults with bipolar disorder. And moods can quickly shift throughout episodes. Some kids could have intervals with out temper signs between episodes.

Probably the most outstanding indicators of bipolar disorder in kids and youngsters could embody extreme temper swings which are completely different from their common temper swings.

When to see a physician

Regardless of the temper extremes, folks with bipolar disorder usually do not acknowledge how a lot their emotional instability disrupts their lives and the lives of their family members and do not get the therapy they want.

And in case you’re like some folks with bipolar disorder, you might benefit from the emotions of euphoria and cycles of being extra productive. Nonetheless, this euphoria is at all times adopted by an emotional crash that may depart you depressed, worn out — and maybe in monetary, authorized or relationship hassle.

In case you have any signs of melancholy or mania, see your physician or psychological well being skilled. Bipolar dysfunction does not get higher by itself. Getting therapy from a psychological well being skilled with expertise in bipolar disorder will help you get your signs underneath management.

When to get emergency assist

Suicidal ideas and habits are frequent amongst folks with bipolar disorder. In case you have ideas of wounding your self, name 911 or your native emergency quantity instantly, go to an emergency room, or speak in confidence to a trusted relative or buddy. Or name a suicide hotline quantity — in the USA, name the Nationwide Suicide Prevention Lifeline at 1-800-273-TALK (1-800-273-8255).

In case you have a beloved one who’s at risk of suicide or has made a suicide try, make certain somebody stays with that particular person. Name 911 or your native emergency quantity instantly. Or, in case you suppose you are able to do so safely, take the particular person to the closest hospital emergency room.

Causes

The precise reason for bipolar dysfunction is unknown, however a number of components could also be concerned, comparable to:

  • Organic variations. Individuals with bipolar disorder seem to have bodily modifications of their brains. The importance of those modifications continues to be unsure however could ultimately assist pinpoint causes.
  • Genetics. Bipolar disorder is extra frequent in individuals who have a first-degree relative, comparable to a sibling or father or mother, with the situation. Researchers are looking for genes which may be concerned in inflicting bipolar disorder.

Threat components

Elements that will improve the danger of creating bipolar disorder or act as a set off for the primary episode embody:

  • Having a first-degree relative, comparable to a father or mother or sibling, with bipolar disorder
  • Durations of excessive stress, such because the dying of a beloved one or different traumatic occasion
  • Drug or alcohol abuse

Issues

Left untreated, bipolar disorder may end up in critical issues that have an effect on each space of your life, comparable to:

  • Issues associated to drug and alcohol use
  • Suicide or suicide makes an attempt
  • Authorized or monetary issues
  • Broken relationships
  • Poor work or faculty efficiency

Co-occurring circumstances

In case you have bipolar disorder, you might also have one other well being situation that must be handled together with bipolar disorder. Some circumstances can worsen bipolar disorder signs or make therapy much less profitable. Examples embody:

  • Nervousness problems
  • Consuming problems
  • Consideration-deficit/hyperactivity dysfunction (ADHD)
  • Alcohol or drug issues
  • Bodily well being issues, comparable to coronary heart illness, thyroid issues, complications or weight problems

Prevention

There isn’t any positive option to stop bipolar disorder. Nonetheless, getting therapy on the earliest signal of a psychological well being disorder will help stop bipolar dysfunction or different psychological well being circumstances from worsening.

In the event you’ve been identified with bipolar disorder, some methods will help stop minor signs from changing into full-blown episodes of mania or melancholy:

  • Take note of warning indicators. Addressing signs early on can stop episodes from getting worse. You will have recognized a sample to your bipolar episodes and what triggers them. Name your physician in case you really feel you are falling into an episode of melancholy or mania. Contain relations or pals in anticipating warning indicators.
  • Keep away from medication and alcohol. Utilizing alcohol or leisure medication can worsen your signs and make them extra prone to come again.
  • Take your drugs precisely as directed. You might be tempted to cease therapy — however do not. Stopping your remedy or lowering your dose by yourself could trigger withdrawal results or your signs could worsen or return.
Abstract
A disorder related to episodes of temper swings starting from depressive lows to manic highs.
The precise reason for bipolar disorder isn’t identified, however a mixture of genetics, setting and altered mind construction and chemistry could play a job.
Manic episodes could embody signs comparable to excessive power, diminished want for sleep and lack of contact with actuality. Depressive episodes could embody signs comparable to low power, low motivation and lack of curiosity in every day actions.
Temper episodes final days to months at a time and may additionally be related to suicidal ideas. Therapy is often lifelong and sometimes includes a mixture of medicines and psychotherapy.

At a look:

  • Bipolar disorder (previously referred to as “manic melancholy”) is a power psychological situation characterised by excessive swings in temper between mania and melancholy
  • Mania is taken into account a interval of euphoria and excessive power throughout which an individual could make rash and illogical selections
  • Melancholy is a interval of low temper, with signs together with social withdrawal, emotions of disappointment and hopelessness, in addition to a lack of curiosity in actions
  • The cycle of those swings varies from individual to individual, with some folks experiencing moods that final for weeks or months, and others that solely final for days.
  • The frequency of those cycles additionally varies from individual to individual
  • Round 1 in 50 Australian adults expertise bipolar dysfunction annually
  • Bipolar dysfunction can’t be cured however the signs will be managed or diminished with remedy


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