Initially, the bulldog was used to transport cattle to the market and to participate in a bloody sport called bull baiting. Today they are gentle comrades who love children.
Although they are purebred dogs, you can find them in shelters or rescue groups. Don’t forget to adopt!
All I need to about a Bulldog
Don’t go to the store if you want to bring your dog home.
A short walk and sleeping on the couch is just the speed of this dog breed. Bulldogs can adapt well to home life and even make great companions for aspiring pet parents.
They are affectionate with all family members and are rather unpretentious puppies. Just make sure you keep them away from extreme weather and give them enough exercise, as weight gain is a risk for these dogs, who enjoy spending most of their day on the couch.
• What do England, the US Marine Corps, Yale University, the University of Georgia and dozens of other schools have in common? The dog they all chose to represent their tenacious and tenacious characters.
This dog? Well, of course, Bulldog!
The breed, sometimes called the English Bulldog or British Bulldog, originated in England and has a bloody past. It is descended from the fighting mastiffs that were introduced to the British Isles by the Romans and used in a bloody sport called bull baiting.
However, today the Bulldog outwardly only slightly resembles its ancestors. And all the ferocity he displayed in the bull-baiting pens? Left forever. Despite his still ferocious appearance, you will be hard pressed to find a dog with a lovable and loving disposition.
Bulldogs are never mistaken for dogs of other breeds. It is a medium sized dog with a massive body and a low rise. They have a head with a short snout, massive and square. They have broad shoulders and chest with thick, sturdy limbs.
Although short, Bulldogs are broad and muscular. Their broad heads have cheeks that extend to the sides of their eyes, and the skin on their foreheads should have thick wrinkles. A bulldog has a drooping upper lip and an undershot lower jaw, which means that its lower teeth protrude further than its upper teeth. Bulldog’s jaws are massive and strong, designed to cling to and hold on to their opponent.
Bulldogs have round dark eyes. Their ears are small and thin, bent back, like a rose. Their short tails hang low at the buttocks. The muscular body of the Bulldog makes him have a distinctive gait. Since his stocky legs are placed at every corner of his body, he waddles rather than strides.
It is like an uncontrollable, shuffling roll to the side. Because their shoulders are much wider than their backs and they have such large heads, it is difficult for females to give birth to puppies without assistance. Most of them need to have a cesarean section in order to give birth to puppies, so breeding a bulldog is expensive.
Despite the fact that in cartoons they are depicted as ferocious dogs, modern bulldogs are brought up to be affectionate and kind. They are really determined and courageous, but they are not going to fight. In adulthood, they often have a calm dignity, and while they are friendly and playful, they can be a little stubborn and protective of their families.
Bulldogs love people. They look for people to attract attention and enjoy nothing more than languishing next to their masters and, perhaps, snoring while sleeping, resting their heads on their knees.
Unfortunately, the Bulldog’s unique body and head structure makes it prone to health problems, especially respiratory and joint problems.
They can quickly gain weight if they don’t exercise enough. Too much weight puts stress on their bodies and can exacerbate existing health problems.
The Bulldog is a popular dog in the US, but not for everyone. It is surprisingly heavy for its size, and if you need to lift it, say, take it to the vet, it can be a problem. Inside the house, Bulldogs are generally inactive, preferring to sleep until it’s time to eat.
They love children, but don’t expect them to spend hours chasing a ball or running with children in their backyards. Your Bulldog may engage in such a game for a while, but then you find that he is by your side again, happy with the way the world is going, and happily looking at you with a face that only a mother – or a devoted Bulldog fan – could. be in love.
o Bulldogs can be stubborn and lazy. Your adult bulldog may not be very enthusiastic about walking, but it is important that he exercises every day to keep him fit.
o Bulldogs cannot tolerate heat and humidity. When your bulldog is outside, watch him closely for signs of overheating and take him inside immediately if he starts to show anxiety. Some people put children’s pools filled with water in the shade so that their bulldogs can lie around in warm weather and outside. They are prone to sleep apnea.
o Bulldogs are known for their flatulence. If this problem seems excessive to you, talk to your veterinarian.
o The short noses of Bulldogs make them prone to a number of respiratory ailments.
o Bulldogs may have pinched nostrils that make it difficult for them to breathe and may require surgery to correct them.
o Bulldogs are greedy eaters and will overeat if given the opportunity. Because they gain weight easily, they can quickly become obese if you don’t keep track of their food intake.
o Bulldogs have difficulty giving birth due to the size of their head and front. Most puppies require a caesarean section. Inexperienced breeders are advised not to try to breed them.
o As a short-nosed breed, Bulldogs are sensitive to anesthesia. Be sure to talk to your veterinarian about this before doing any surgery.
o To get a healthy pet, never buy a puppy from a backyard breeder, puppy factory or pet store. Find a reputable breeder who will screen their dogs for genetic diseases and good temperaments.
The Bulldog today is a completely different dog than its ancestors. The Bulldog descended from the ancient mastiffs and was bred entirely in England. The first mention of the breed dates back to 1500, this is a description of a person “with two brave dogs on his tile …”. Fierce dogs at the time were used in a practice called bull baiting, in which the dog grabbed the bull’s nose and shook it roughly.
The bull-baiting did have a purpose; it was believed that the meat of the bull softens. For many years, this practice was believed to “thin” the bull’s blood and make the meat tender after being butchered. This belief was so strong that in many parts of England there were laws requiring bulls to crush the bait before slaughtering them.
Moreover, it was a popular sport among spectators at a time when there were no professional sports, TV shows, films and video games. The furious bull would have thrown the dog into the air with its horns if it could, much to the delight of the watching crowd. On the other hand, the dog tried to grab onto the bull, usually by the muzzle, and press it to the ground with the force of a painful bite.
The upcoming bull-baiting was advertised and crowds were betting on the outcome of the fight.
These early bulldogs were taller and heavier than modern bulldogs, and were bred to be particularly adept at this bloody sport. Usually they crawled on their bellies to the angry bull so that he could not crawl the horns under their bodies and throw them into the air.
And their wide mouths and powerful jaws could not be shaken off the bull when the Bulldog held tightly to its face. Its short, flat nose allowed the bulldog to breathe while holding onto the bull’s muzzle. He needed to be tough to hold on to the bull, no matter how hard the bull tried to shake it off.
The Bulldog’s high tolerance for pain was developed to enhance his ability to do well in this barbaric place. It is said that even the wrinkles on his head had a purpose: to direct the blood that arose from his grasp on the bull from his eyes so that he would not be blinded.
In 1835, after years of controversy, bull-baiting was banned in England, and many thought the bulldog would disappear as it no longer had a purpose. At the time, Bulldog was not an affectionate companion. The most aggressive and courageous dogs from generation to generation were selectively bred to bait bulls. They lived to fight bulls, bears and whatever was offered to them. That’s all they knew.
Despite this, many admired the Bulldog’s stamina, strength, and perseverance. These few choose to keep their appearance and breed them so that they have a gentle, gentle temperament instead of the aggression necessary for bullying.
So Bulldog has been upgraded. Loyal, patient breeders began to select for breeding only those dogs that had an obedient temperament. Aggressive and neurotic dogs were not allowed to breed. By focusing on the temperament of the bulldog, these breeders turned the bulldog into the gentle, affectionate dog we see today.
Breeders began exhibiting Bulldogs at exterior shows in England in 1859. The first dog show to allow bulldogs to be shown was in Birmingham, England, in 1860. In 1861, a bulldog named King Dick won an exhibition in Birmingham. One of his descendants, a dog named Krib, was later described as “close to perfect.”
In 1864, a man named R.S. Rockstro. The club had about 30 members and its motto was “Hold on.” Club member Samuel Wickens wrote the first breed standard under the pseudonym Filo-Kuon. The Bulldog breed standard was reported to be the first in the world. Unfortunately, just three years later, the club broke up.
In 1875 another Bulldog Club was founded which developed a breed standard similar to the Filo Kuon. This breed club still exists.
Bulldogs were introduced to the United States, and in 1880, a brindle and white bulldog named Donald was shown in New York. A bulldog named Bob was registered with the American Kennel Club in 1886. In 1890 H.D. Kendall of Lowell, Massachusetts founded the Bulldog Club of America. It was one of the first breed clubs to become a member of the new American Kennel Club.
The club initially used the British breed standard, but decided it was not laconic enough, so in 1894 they developed an American standard for what they called the American Bulldog. The British protested the name, as well as some points of the new standard. After much work, the standard was revised and adopted in 1896. This standard is still used today.
The American Kennel Club recognized the Bulldogs in 1890. In the 1940s and 1950s, Bulldogs were close to the top 10 breeds in popularity. Today, the Bulldog is ranked 12th out of 155 breeds and varieties registered by the AKC, a tribute to his solid experience as a companion.
More than anything else, the Bulldog is a triumph of human ability to rehabilitate an entire breed and transform it into a welcome, affectionate companion through thoughtful and selfless breeding methods.
In the 1800s, cities such as Rome passed laws that made it impossible for bulldogs to walk the streets, even on a leash because of their ferocity, and yet, a few years later, the bulldog has already become known as one of the most friendly and calm people. dogs. This is because some dedicated breeders have had the patience, knowledge and vision of what a bulldog can be at its best.
• The size
Adult male bulldogs weigh about 50 pounds; mature females are about 40 pounds. Show dogs can be about 10 pounds heavier. Their height is 12 to 15 inches at the shoulder.
Outgoing and lovable, but with a reputation for bravery that makes him an excellent watchdog, the Bulldog is a lover, not a fighter. He is dignified rather than alive, and has a kind, albeit sometimes stubborn character.
The Bulldog is friendly and accommodating; he gets along with everyone. He can be slow in learning, but once he learns something, he gets it forever. Bulldogs don’t like to bark. Usually, their appearance alone is enough to scare off intruders.
Temperament is influenced by a number of factors, including heredity, learning, and socialization. Puppies with a pleasant temperament are curious and playful, ready to approach people and be with them in their arms. Choose an average puppy, not one who beats up his littermates or hides in a corner.
Always date at least one parent – usually a mother who is available – to make sure they have a good temperament that you like. Meeting with siblings or other relatives of the parents also helps to assess how the puppy will be when it grows up.
Like any dog, bulldogs at a young age need early socialization – getting to know a lot of different people, looks, sounds and impressions. Socializing helps make your Bulldog puppy a versatile dog. Enrolling him in puppy daycare is a great start. Regularly inviting visitors and visiting lively parks, dog-friendly shops and leisurely walks to meet neighbors will also help him hone his social skills.
Like all breeds, Bulldogs are prone to certain diseases and conditions. Not all bulldogs will contract any or all of these diseases, but it is important to be aware of them so that you are informed when interviewing breeders and know what to look out for throughout your bulldog’s life.
Buying from a responsible breeder will help you get the healthiest bulldog possible. A puppy from a reputable Bulldog breeder will be vaccinated and dewormed before you take him home. Responsible breeders only use physically healthy, mature (at least 2 years of age or older) dogs and screen their breeding stock for breed-related genetic diseases.
Both parents must have health certificates, documentation that the dog has been tested and cleared for a specific disease. At Bulldogs, you must expect to obtain hip, elbow and knee health approvals from the Animal Orthopedic Foundation and the CERF to confirm that the eyes are normal.
Health certificates are not issued for dogs under 2 years of age. This is because some health problems do not appear until the dog reaches full maturity. For this reason, it is often advised not to breed dogs until they are two or three years old.
In general, Bulldogs can have many health problems. They are wonderful dogs, but rest assured that you are prepared to keep a close eye on their health and can afford any treatment they may need. The following conditions may affect ye: This condition occurs when there is insufficient natural tear production. Signs include dry or blue eyes.
Your veterinarian may do a test to determine if your bulldog has dry eyes and prescribe medications you can prescribe to help relieve the pain of the condition.
o Entropion: This is a condition in which the eyelashes turn inward and rub against the eyes, causing irritation. This may require surgery to fix.
O Inverted or Reverse Sneezing: This is not really a health problem, but it usually occurs when nasal fluids drain onto the bulldog’s soft palate, causing it to close. It can also happen when your bulldog is hit in the nose. Sounds much worse than it actually is. Try to calm your bulldog down by stroking his throat and this should go away quickly.
Brachycephalic Syndrome: This condition occurs in dogs with a short head, narrowed nostrils, or an elongated soft palate. Their airways are blocked to varying degrees and can cause anything from noisy or labored breathing to complete airway collapse.
Dogs with brachycephalic syndrome usually snort and snort. Treatment varies according to the severity of the condition, but includes oxygen therapy and surgery to widen the nostrils or shorten the palate.
o Shake your head. It looks like a seizure but only affects the head. This is considered an involuntary bobbing of the head from side to side or up and down. It can be cruel sometimes. This dog seems to be aware and aware of what is happening.
This could be due to stress and low blood sugar. Breeders often suggest giving your dog some honey to raise blood sugar, or distract him to stop shaking. If the shaking is not related to stress or over-arousal, you should take him to the vet as soon as possible to make sure he is not in pain.
o Demodectic mange. Also called demodicosis. All dogs carry a small passenger called a demodex mite. The mother passes this mite on to her cubs in the first days of their life. The tick cannot be transmitted to humans or even other dogs – only the mother can “pass” these ticks on to her cubs. Demodex mites live in hair follicles and usually do not cause any problems.
However, if your bulldog has a weakened or weakened immune system, it may develop demodectic mange. Demodectic mange can be localized or generalized. Localized patches of red scaly skin with hair loss appear on the head, neck and forelimbs.
This condition is considered a puppy disease and often goes away on its own. In any case, you should take your dog to the vet because this can develop into a common form of demodectic mange. (Enlarged lymph nodes are often a sign that this is about to happen.) Here, you can read to know the history on Rottweilers.
Generalized demodectic mange affects the entire body and affects older puppies and young adult dogs. The dog develops skin spots, bald patches, and skin infections all over the body. Dogs that develop localized or generalized demodicosis should not be bred as the condition is believed to have a genetic component.
o Hip dysplasia. This is a hereditary disorder in which the femur does not fit snugly against the hip joint. Most Bulldogs have hip dysplasia based on hip X-rays just because they naturally have shallow hip joints, but it is unusual for them to have problems with lameness if they are not allowed to gain weight or if they do not exercise. a lot during the period of their rapid growth.
If your bulldog is diagnosed with hip dysplasia, see another specialist and explore other treatment options, such as supplements, before agreeing to surgery.
o Tail problems. Some Bulldogs have a screwed tail, an inverted tail, or another type of “narrow” tail that can cause skin problems. Keep your bulldog’s tail clean and dry to prevent infestation.
o Dislocation of the patella. Also known as knee misalignment, this is a common problem in small dogs. It is caused by improper placement of the patella, which has three parts: the femur (femur), the patella (patella), and the tibia (shin). This causes a limp in the leg or an abnormal gait, something like jumping or jumping.
This condition is present at birth, although the actual displacement or dislocation does not always occur much later. Friction caused by a dislocated patella can lead to arthritis, a degenerative joint disease. There are four grades of patellar dislocation, ranging from grade I (accidental dislocation causing temporary lameness in the joint) to grade IV, in which me, from an apartment to a house with a yard.
You can walk the bulldog for a mile or two during the cooler hours of the day, but he’ll be just as happy walking down your street. Bulldogs do not tolerate very hot (or cold) weather. They breathe heavily when they are hot and do not dissipate heat well.
They are particularly susceptible to thermal shock. Just half an hour outdoors at 85 degrees can kill them. Provide it with air conditioning and plenty of fresh water. Bulldogs aren’t swimmers either. Their massive heads pull them down. If you have a pool, spa, or pond, protect your bulldog from falling.
The Bulldog is unlikely to become the star of obedience trials, but once he learns something, he will never forget it. It learns best from engaging workouts that include repetition and positive reinforcement in the form of food rewards and praise.
Recommended Daily Intake: 1/2 to 2 glasses of high quality dog food per day, divided into two meals.
How much your adult dog eats depends on its size, age, build, metabolism, and activity level. Dogs are as individual as humans, and not all of them need the same amount of food.
It goes without saying that a very active dog will need more than a couch dog. The quality of the dog food you buy also matters – the better the dog food, the further it will feed your dog and the less you will need to mix it into the dog’s bowl.
It is easy to overfeed a bulldog, but obesity can put stress on his joints, so he should not be allowed to get fat. Keep an adult Bulldog in good shape by measuring his food and feeding him twice a day, rather than leaving the food on all the time. If you are not sure if he is overweight, put him to the test.
Place your hands on his back, thumbs along the spine, fingers spread down. You should be able to feel but not see his ribs without having to press hard. If you can’t, he needs less food and more exercise.
For more information on feeding your Bulldog, see our recommendations for buying the right food, feeding your puppy and adult dog.
• Coat color and care
Your bulldog’s coat should be straight, short, fine textured, smooth and shiny. He has soft, flabby skin, especially on his head, neck and shoulders. Its head is covered with thick wrinkles, and it has two loose folds in the throat (from the jaw to the chest), forming the so-called dewlap.
Bulldogs come in different colors: red-brindle; all the rest are brindle; solid white; solid red, fawn, or paired (pale cream to light fawn, pale yellow, or yellow-red; and piebald (large patches of two or more colors). Solid black is not common and does not arouse much admiration.
Brush the smooth, fine, short-haired bulldog coat once a week with a hard-bristled brush. Wipe your face daily with a damp cloth, trying to remove internal wrinkles. Remember to completely dry the inside of the wrinkles after you wash them. Some suggest wiping wrinkles with baby wipes with lanolin and aloe vera.
If your bulldog’s skin is irritated inside the wrinkles, ask your veterinarian for a soothing ointment. After you have cleared the wrinkles, rinse the bulldog’s nose and apply petroleum jelly to it to keep it soft and not dry and flaky.
The Bulldog is the average onlooker. Brushing it more often than once a week can help reduce the amount of hair that gets on your clothes and furniture.
Other grooming needs include nail care and oral hygiene. Trim your bulldog’s nails once or twice a month. If you hear them clicking on the floor, they are too long. The sooner you introduce your bulldog to nail clipping, the less stress it will be for both of you.
Brush your teeth at least two to three times a week, preferably daily to remove tartar and bacteria. Start when your puppy is young so he gets used to it.
Check for sores, rashes, or signs of infection such as redness, soreness, or inflammation on the skin, ears, nose, mouth and eyes, and feet while grooming. The ears should smell good with no excess wax or debris inside, and the eyes should be clean with no redness or discharge. Your thorough weekly check-up will help you identify potential health problems earlier.
• Children and other pets
His friendly temperament and large size make the Bulldog an excellent companion for children, even the smallest. The bulldog will tolerate a lot from the child, although he should not, and will leave if he gets tired of tormenting him.
Always teach children to approach and touch dogs, and always monitor any interactions between dogs and young children to prevent bites pulling on their ears or tails from either side. Teach your child never to approach the dog while he is sleeping or eating, and not to try to pick up the dog’s food. No Bulldog also get along well with other pets, dogs and cats. However, they may be less sociable towards stranger dogs.
• Rescue groups
Bulldogs are sometimes bought without any clear understanding of what it takes to own one, and these dogs often end up in the care of rescue teams in need of adoption or education. Other Bulldogs end up saving themselves because their owners get divorced or die.
Adopting an adult Bulldog has many benefits. Adult dogs are often already domesticated and have some obedience training and have already passed the destructive puppy stage.
The Bulldog Club of America Rescue Network
• Tribal organizations
Below is a breed club, organization and association where you can find more information about Bulldogs.