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10 Types of Service Dogs and What They Do

The list of types of service dogs is constantly growing, as well as the variety of breeds of service dogs that help people. Let’s take a look at 10 types of service dogs, from the well-known to the newly developed ones:


Types of Service Dogs

1. Guide dogs


Guide dogs, which lead blind and visually impaired people around obstacles, are one of the most well-known types of service dogs. Labrador Retrievers, Golden Retrievers, and Labrador / Golden Retrievers are often the dog breeds of choice for service dogs, although other breeds such as poodles may also work well as service dogs of this type.

Guide dogs have helped visually impaired people for centuries, according to the Canadian National Institute of the Blind, and their use may date back to Roman times. Many of the laws and regulations regarding service animals were originally written with a focus on guide dogs.

While people often expect guide dogs and other guide dogs to wear vests, the Americans with Disabilities Act does not require a vest, although they will often wear special harnesses with a handle.

2. Hearing dogs

For people with hearing impairments, service dogs help by alerting them to sounds such as alarms, doorbells, or crying babies. When a dog hears a sound, it touches its man and leads to the noise.

Labradors and golden retrievers are dog breeds that are often chosen as hearing dogs, but many other breeds, including cocker spaniels and miniature poodles, have been successfully trained to be hearing.

Small to medium sized mixed breeds from animal shelters are often trained as hearing dogs, according to Assistance Dogs International, with mixes of terriers, poodles, cockers, Lhasa apso, Shih Tzu and even Chihuahuas selected for character and temperament.

3. Assistance dogs for movement.

Mobility Assistance Dogs can retrieve objects and help handlers get around.

These types of service dogs can perform a wide variety of tasks for individuals with a wide range of mobility problems. According to America’s service dogs, mobility assistance dogs can bring objects near people, press buttons on automatic doors, support outpatients, or even help lift a wheelchair up a ramp. These dogs help humans increase their independence and self-confidence.

People with spinal cord injuries, traumatic brain injuries and arthritis are among those who need an assistance dog to get around. Although dogs need to be large enough to support their human partner, many dogs can assist in getting around.

4. Dogs warning about diabetes.

Also known as DADs, these guide dogs can provide independence and safety by warning of chemical changes in blood sugar. Odor changes associated with hyperglycemic or hypoglycemic events in diabetics are invisible to humans, but not to dogs. These service dogs alert their people to high and low blood sugar levels before levels become dangerous.

When an anxious diabetic dog warns of this, her man knows to have his blood tested. He or she can then inject insulin or swallow a dose of glucose before blood levels become dangerous. Many of these dogs are trained to alert others in the home or activate an alarm system if their person needs medical attention.

5. Dogs warning of withdrawal

Seizure alert dogs are one of the most controversial types of service dogs. They react in a certain type of behavior right before her person has a seizure. The ability to warn of seizures seems to be a natural ability in a small number of dogs, although some neuroscience experts say there is no reliable evidence that dogs can reliably predict seizures.

On the other hand, many patients, families and handlers insist that their dogs accurately predict and warn of impending seizures, and stories of domestic dogs being alerted without training have received a lot of media attention.

Some epilepsy organizations, such as the BC Epilepsy Society, state that it is impossible to train dogs to warn of seizures, but some dog training agencies (including UK Support Services and 4 Paws For Ability in the US) say it is possible. teach your dog to be alert.

6. Dogs that respond to seizures.

Not to be confused with seizure alert dogs, seizure responsive dogs help a person with an epileptic seizure. These dogs bark when asking for help or pressing an alarm during a seizure. They can also take a person out of an unsafe place. And can bring medicine or a phone to a person who is recovering from a seizure. You can also read to know why your Poodles become aggressive and learn how to fix it.

7. Psychiatric service dogs


These types of service dogs help people suffering from depression, anxiety and, most commonly, post-traumatic stress disorder. These dogs can also help people with PTSD who feel overwhelmed in public by creating a physical barrier between the handler and others, giving them more privacy.

Many people with PTSD find that having a service dog to take care of makes the person also take care of themselves by going out into the world and playing sports with their dog.


8. Autism support dogs.

Dogs can provide a social bridge for kids with autism. 

For children with autism, these dogs provide a sense of predictability as kids navigate social media. Dogs can be of great help for children who find it difficult to communicate with classmates. The dog acts like an icebreaker in social situations.

They improve a child’s quality of life by reducing isolation and calming the child in times of stress. These dogs are also trained to keep children from escaping, and can track children if they escape.

9. Service dogs FASD.

This is a new category of service dogs, these dogs support children who have been exposed to prenatal alcohol exposure and who have been diagnosed with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD).

These children may have physical and mental difficulties as well as behavior and learning difficulties. According to 4 Paws for Ability, dogs with FASD are trained in the same way as service dogs with autism. They can also be taught to interrupt repetitive behavior.

10. Dogs for allergy detection.


With the rise of food allergies, another type of guide dog has emerged. Dogs that show allergies are trained to sniff and prevent the smell of things like peanuts or gluten. Dogs that show allergies, often in partnership with children, can be trained to warn of allergy-causing odors at school.

Dogs for allergy detection give children a greater sense of independence and give their parents a greater sense of security. While it is clear that some dogs can be successfully trained in allergy warning, this category of service dogs received negative attention when some parents said they were paying for dogs that didn’t give a damn about deadly peanuts.

Other types of service dogs, including therapy dogs and emotional support dogs, are not classified as service dogs because they are not trained to perform a specific task to assist their owners. In most jurisdictions, these dogs are not accorded the same privileges as service dogs.


SOURCES: https://www.petcoach.co/question/?id=92763 https://www.animalhealthfoundation.org/blog/2017/08/10-signs-that-a-service-dog-is-actually-a-fake/  https://www.dogster.com/lifestyle/10-types-of-service-dogs-and-what-they-do

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